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Tšebeliso ea sehlopha sa surfactant

Puisano ea ts'ebeliso ea sehlopha sa surfactant e batlang e le ncha-eseng joalo ka motsoako, empa ka thepa ea eona e tsoetseng pele le lits'ebetso-e tlameha ho kenyelletsa likarolo tsa moruo tse kang boemo ba eona bo ka bang teng 'marakeng oa surfactant.Li-surfactants li etsa bongata ba lisebelisoa tse sebetsang ka holim'a metsi, empa sehlopha sa mefuta e ka bang 10 feela e theha 'maraka o sebetsang ka holim'a metsi.Tšebeliso ea bohlokoa ea motsoako e ka lebelloa feela ha e le ea sehlopha sena.Kahoo, ntle le ho sebetsa hantle le ho bolokeha tikolohong, sehlahisoa se tlameha ho fumaneha ka theko e tlase, se bapisoang kapa se molemo ho feta sa li-surfactants tse seng li ntse li theiloe 'marakeng.

Pele ho 1995, sesepa sa bohlokoahali e ntse e le sesepa se tloaelehileng, se 'nileng sa sebelisoa ka lilemo tse likete.e lateloa ke alkylbenzene sulfonate le polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, ka bobeli li emetsoe ka matla mefuteng eohle ea litlolo, tseo e leng tsona mohloli oa mantlha oa li-surfactants.Leha alkylbenzene sulfonate e nkuoa e le "sebetsa" sa lihlahisoa tsa ho hlatsoetsa liaparo, sulfate ea joala e mafura le ether sulfate ke tsona tse ka sehloohong tse hlahisang lihlahisoa tsa tlhokomelo ea motho.Ho tsoa lithutong tsa ts'ebeliso ho ile ha fumaneha hore alkyl polyglucosides, har'a tse ling, e ka kenya letsoho mafapheng ka bobeli.li ka kopanngoa le li-surfactants tse ling tsa nonionic molemong o motle bakeng sa li-detergents tsa mosebetsi o boima le li-surfactants tsa sulfate ka li-detergents tse bobebe, hammoho le lits'ebetsong tsa tlhokomelo ea botho.Ka hona, li-surfactants tse ka nkeloang sebaka ke alkyl polyglucosides li kenyelletsa linear alkylbenzene sulfonate le sulfate surfactants, ho kenyelletsa lintho tse ikhethang tse theko e phahameng joalo ka betaine le amine oxides.

Khakanyo ea monyetla oa ho fetola alkyl polyglucosides e tlameha ho lumella litšenyehelo tsa tlhahiso, tse bonts'ang hore li maemong a holimo har'a li-surfactants tsa sulfate.Ka hona, li-alkyl polyglucosides li tla sebelisoa ka tekanyo e kholo eseng feela ka lebaka la "maqhubu a matala" le ho ameha ka tikoloho empa hape ka lebaka la litšenyehelo tsa tlhahiso le kamoo ho lebeletsoeng kateng ho tsoa linthong tse ngata tsa physicochemical, ts'ebetso ea bona e ikhethang likarolong tse ngata tsa kopo.

Alkyl polyglucosides e tla khahla kae kapa kae moo mocheso o seng holimo haholo 'me bohareng bo se na asiti haholo hobane ke li-acetals tsa sebopeho sa tsoekere tse hydrolyze ho joala bo mafura le tsoekere.botsitso ba nako e telele bo fanoa ho 40℃ le PH≥4.Ha u sa nke lehlakore PH tlas'a maemo a ho omisa, mocheso o fihlang ho 140 ℃ ha o senye sehlahisoa.

Alkyl polyglucosides e tla khahleha hore e sebelisoe kae kapa kae moo ts'ebetso ea bona e ntle ea surfactant le thepa e ntle ea ecotoxicological e lakatsoang, ke hore, litlolong le lihlahisoa tsa lapeng.empa tsitsipano ea bona e tlase haholo ea sefahleho, matla a phahameng a ho hasanya, le ho phophoma ha makoko ha bonolo li etsa hore li hohele lits'ebetsong tse ngata tsa tekheniki.bokhoni ba ho sebelisa surfactant ha boa itšetleha feela ka thepa ea eona empa le ho feta ts'ebetsong ea eona ha e kopantsoe le lisebelisoa tse ling.Ho ba li-anionic hanyenyane, kapa li-surfactants tsa betaine.Ho fana ka tumello bakeng sa liketsahalo tsa clouding.li boetse li lumellana le li-surfactants tsa cationic.

Maemong a mangataalkyl polyglucosidesbonts'a liphello tse ntle tsa synergistic hammoho le li-surfactants tse ling, 'me ts'ebeliso e sebetsang ea liphello tsena e bonahala ka palo ea likopo tse fetang 500 tsa patent ho tloha ka 1981. tsena li koahela ho hlatsoa lijana;lisebelisoa tse bonolo le li-detergents tse boima;lihloekisi tsa merero eohle;lihlahisoa tsa alkaline;lihlahisoa tsa tlhokomelo ea botho tse kang li-shampoo, li-gel tsa shaoara, litlolo le li-emulsions;li-dispersions tsa tekheniki tse kang li-pastes tsa mebala;metsoako bakeng sa foam inhibitors;demulsifiers;lintho tse sireletsang limela; litlolo;le lik’hemik’hale tse hlahisang oli, ha re bolela tse seng kae.


Nako ea poso: Dec-03-2021